Записи с темой: thesaurus (список заголовков)

Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Время собирать камни слова профессионального словаря. Все-таки я не теряю надежды вернуться в специальность, хотя, конечно, это будет ой как не просто теперь!

1. the act of inhibiting or the condition of being inhibited
2. (Psychology) psychol
a. a mental state or condition in which the varieties of expression and behaviour of an individual become restricted
b. the weakening of a learned response usually as a result of extinction or because of the presence of a distracting stimulus
c. (in psychoanalytical theory) the unconscious restraining of an impulse. See also repression
3. (Chemistry) the process of stopping or retarding a chemical reaction
4. (Physiology) physiol the suppression of the function or action of an organ or part, as by stimulation of its nerve supply
5. (Anglicanism) Church of England an episcopal order suspending an incumbent

@темы: English, Thesaurus


Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Difference between:

mucky - dirty and infomal uk it related to or describing sex in an offensive way: a mucky magazine

muddy - covered by or containing mud (= wet, sticky earth): Don't bring those muddy boots inside! muddy water

dirty - not clean, very basic meaning. informal meanings: unfair, dishonest, or unkind. And also used to describe something that is connected with sex, in a way that many people think is offensive: a dirty magazine/movie/joke You have a really dirty mind! UK used to refer to unhealthy food such as burgers served in fashionable or expensive restaurants.

filthy - extremely or unpleasantly dirt. Has offensive meaning: containing sexually offensive words or pictures: filthy language, a filthy joke humorous You've got a filthy mind!

mangy - afflicted with mange.Worn and squalid-looking; bedraggled or decrepit. We stayed in a really mangy hotel in New York.

Mucky and muddy describe having a lot of wet soil or dirt. Water can be said to be muddy, as well as ground and people.

Dirty can be any dirt and any degree. If I have a slight amount of dirt on my pants, they would be dirty, but not muddy or mucky. They would have to have a lot of dirt for that.

Filthy is used when something is extremely dirty. Filthy always means dirty. Dirty does not always mean filthy.

Also muddy and mucky apply to a particular kind of dirty - one the involves mud.

@темы: English, Thesaurus


Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Difference between:


To impel is to get in the way of.

To hinder is to make difficult to accomplish; to frustrate, act as obstacle. If you're "hindered by circumstances", the circumstances stand in your way like a high wall.
To obstruct means to make a baricade one of meanings.

To hamper is to hinder or impede the movement or progress of. If you're "hampered by circumstances", the circumstances obstruct your progress by entangling you, like chains round your feet. remember that one can be hindered by someone getting in the way (obstructing) or by slowing movement (impeding). Hamper just implies being tied down.

To prevent is to stop; to keep (from happening).
To block is to fill (something) so that it is not possible to pass. To prevent (something from happening or someone from doing something). To disable communication via telephone, instant messaging, etc., with an undesirable someone.

@темы: Thesaurus, English


Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Difference between: Gown and Dress

Gown is a formal women’s attire that has become most popular with brides wearing bridal gowns on the most important day of their lives, their marriage. A gown is necessarily a dress but the same cannot be said about all women’s dresses. Wedding gowns are formal and are made of fine fabrics. They are either printed or have brocade work. They are figure hugging but flowing at the bottom. A gown is a unisex word as a gown can be worn by a man as well as a woman. Dresses worn by students in their convocation ceremonies where they receive educational degrees are also called gowns. Judges in law courts also wear gowns. In daily life, long and easy dresses that drape women at homes are referred to as gowns. However, in general, a gown is a word that connotes a very rich and beautiful dress worn by women that has a long flowing skirt sewn at the bottom part.

A dress is anything that a woman wears. But an evening dress is a women’s wear that is commonly associated with glamour and beauty. A dress can be long or short, casual or formal. In some parties, there is a dress code that has to be observed by the guests. The word dress is unisex and applies to both men as well as women. The dresses worn by employees in certain organizations and by students in their schools are referred to as uniforms.

Any one piece garment with a skirt sewn to it at the bottom is also called a frock, but the word is used mostly for the dress that is worn by small girls. Different attires worn by women at parties are referred to as party dresses just like the wedding attire worn by a bride on her wedding ceremony is called a bridal dress.

Вывод: не все то grown, что dress. мне кажется, такие штуки полезны в писательстве, да и в чтении тоже, особенно если язык не ваш родной или если мир моды от вас далек.

@темы: English, Thesaurus


Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Difference between:
Mirror and looking-glass.

A looking-glass - is a poetic and archaic way to refer to a mirror. The word mirror was considered vulgar and middle-class by the upper classes. Some upper class people will still say looking glass instead of mirror.

Так вот, хочешь сойти за аристократа, говори looking-glass и криви нос при слове mirror.

@темы: English, Thesaurus


Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Difference between:

Sweater - a knitted jacket or jersey, usually of thick wool, worn by athletes before or after exercise.a cardigan with buttons can also be called a sweater in the US.

Jersey - a garment knitted from wool, worn over the upper body.A shirt worn by a member of an athletic team, usually oversized, typically depicting the athlete's name and team number as well as the team's logotype.

Jumper: In the UK this just refers to an garment you wear over your shirt for warmth. It doesn't have buttons, and it pulled over your head. In the US this has a completely different meaning. It is a type of girl's dress, a top, with attached shorts basically. It has a kind of "little girl" sense to it kind of like pinafore, however, for sure adult women wear them too.

Pullover: again is a garment you wear over your shirt, pulled over your head. The meaning is the same in the US and UK, but it is a pretty uncommon word in the US.Pullover is absolutely part of the wardrobe here! But it needn't be wooly — it can be made of fleece (synthetic) or a lightweight cotton-jersey knit type thing with long sleeves. Has to pull over the head versus zipping or buttoning up the front.

По-моему, это абсолютно одна и та же фигня, да простят меня шарящие в моде люди.

The words abandon and leave imply involuntary acts; the words forsake, relinquish and desert, those that are voluntary.

To abandon
, is more applicable to things; leave, to persons. To abandon something is to leave it behind, to cease caring for it. If something is abandoned people have stopped controlling it, keeping it. He was under a necessity of abandoning his possessions, and compelled to leave his friends.

To forsake, implies leaving in resent|ment or dislike; to relinquish, quitting. To forsake something is to reject it. It is not commonly used in normal speech. There is a description of something really bad as 'godforsaken' - ie even God has stopped caring for it - it is really an unloved, derelict or terrible place. Probably the most famous phrase is from Psalm 22 in the Bible - My God, why hast thou forsaken me? This use gives its meaning of 'abandoned, left behind'. But it is more about repudiating something, making a deliberate choice to stop doing something, you forsake the chance to go to university, and get a job instead.

To desert, leaving meanly or treacherously.

To quit, implies the breaking off from, and may be either voluntary or involuntary.

Hollow is (of something solid) having an empty space or cavity inside. As noun hollow is a small valley between mountains; a low spot surrounded by elevations. As verb hollow is to make a hole in something; to excavate (transitive) or hollow can be to urge or call by shouting. As a adverb hollow is (colloquial) completely, as part of the phrase beat hollow or beat all hollow. Hollow can also mean having a depression in the surface of a thing; concave. Example: The old man had hollow cheeks.

Empty is devoid of content; containing nothing or nobody; vacant. As noun empty is a container, especially a bottle, whose contents have been used up, leaving it empty. As verb empty is (ergative) to make empty; to void; to remove the contents of.

hollow is more about the shape of the object you are referring to. You should use empty instead to describe the content of a certain object.

For example, hydraulic tubes are hollow (it means that they are "cavitary" cylinders, ie a solid object with a cavity inside) and they could be empty (referred to the content of the "cavity")

@темы: Thesaurus, English


Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Okay, new portion English lexis is ready. Afterdeath topic today!

We should say that graveyard is a type of cemetery, but a cemetery is usually not a graveyard.

1.The cemetery is a burial place for the dead that is usually located far from the church.
2.The graveyard is a burial place located near or beside the church (churchyard).

@темы: English, Thesaurus


Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Difference between
shake - First, its a verb. I can be doen to someone or done to oneself. It generally is a willed act, even if it's not a welcome one (meaning some agent is involved).

tremor - A noun, usually describing a subtle but steady "shaking", usually involuntary, often pathological (meaning a symptom of something).

shiver - Very similar to tremor but less acute (usually the whole body or at least a good half shivers). Still involuntary, though there can be an identifiable cause (cold weather, fear, bad thoughts). Usually goes away either as fast as it came on, or if due to strong source, when that source is gone.

tremble - Could be the same as a shiver or a tremor, but if it's distinct, usually describes a shaking or unsteadiness caused by lack of power. You could be trembling when you stand up due to muscle weakness, or you could be trembling at the feet of a king because you are weak with humility, etc.

vibration, each wave is having a predictable correlation with the next wave. In a tremor, this is not a binding condition. The wave following the current wave may be larger, smaller, of different shape, amplitude or frequency. The movement is generally oscillatory in vibration but may be chaotic in a tremor.

@темы: Thesaurus, English


Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Difference between seldom, hardy ever, scarcely and rarely/

Hardly ever, rarely, scarcely and seldom are frequency adverbs. We can use them to refer to things that almost never happen, or do not happen very often. They have a negative meaning. We use them without not. Rarely, scarcely and seldom are more common in writing than in speaking:

He hardly ever smiles.

Hardly and scarcely can mean ‘almost not at all’ or ‘only just’. Hardly is much more common than scarcely, and scarcely is more formal:

Jen was so tired. She could scarcely keep her eyes open.

I hardly know them. I’ve only met them once.

We usually put these adverbs in mid position, between the subject and main verb, after the modal verb or first auxiliary verb, or after main verb be. In more formal styles, we put them in front position and invert the subject and verb. If there is no auxiliary or modal verb, we use do/does/did.

In more formal styles, to refer to something happening immediately after something else, we use scarcely/hardly … when. We move hardly and scarcely to front position and invert the subject and verb:

Scarcely had I got myself comfortable and closed my eyes when I heard the sound of the alarm.

"Seldom" and "rare" are sometimes synonyms, but "seldom" is usually used as an adverb, while "rare" is usually an adjective. There is also a meaning for "rare" which has to do with meat: it means that the meat is not cooked to the point of being well done. This is the preference of many people for preparing expensive beefsteaks.

Now back to time: "seldom" means "not often", and "rare" means "almost never", so it is stronger.

I seldom eat red meat, and it is rare for me to eat white grains or white flour.
This means that I do eat red meat, but not often, but that I almost never eat white grains or white flour. I never eat rare steak.

As adverbs the difference between rarely and seldom is that rarely is not occurring at a regular interval; seldom; not often while seldom is infrequently, rarely.

As a adjective seldom is (obsolete) rare; infrequent.

@темы: English, Thesaurus


Терпение, смирение, ирония.
It's too difficult to be always strong and positive if you are only a human. I see clearly and distinctly an aim but I have too many fears that stop me. The obstacles. I hate this word. I'm tied to blame myself in the weekness. I hinder myself and don't know how to stop it.

For memory:
Difference between "aim", "goal", "purpose", "target", "objective" and "ambition".

purpose: what you want to achieve when you do something; the reason you do or plan something, and the thing you want to achieve when you do it: The games have an educational purpose.

aim: something you hope to achieve by doing something: The main aim of the plan was to provide employment for local people.

goal: something important that you hope to achieve in the future, even though it may take a long time: The country can still achieve its goal of reducing poverty by a third.

target: the exact result that a person or organization intends to achieve by doing something, often the amount of money they want to get; a particular amount or total that you want to achieve: The company is on track to meet its target of increasing profits by 10%.

objective: the specific thing that you are trying to achieve - used especially about things that have been officially discussed and agreed upon in business, politics, etc. and agreed upon in business, politics, etc.: Their main objective is to halt the flow of drugs. | We met to set the business objectives for the coming year.

ambition: something that you very much want to achieve in your future career: Her ambition was to go to law school and become an attorney. | Earlier this year, he achieved his ambition of competing in the Olympic Games.

@темы: English, Thesaurus

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