Терпение, смирение, ирония.
Difference between seldom, hardy ever, scarcely and rarely/

Hardly ever, rarely, scarcely and seldom are frequency adverbs. We can use them to refer to things that almost never happen, or do not happen very often. They have a negative meaning. We use them without not. Rarely, scarcely and seldom are more common in writing than in speaking:

He hardly ever smiles.

Hardly and scarcely can mean ‘almost not at all’ or ‘only just’. Hardly is much more common than scarcely, and scarcely is more formal:

Jen was so tired. She could scarcely keep her eyes open.

I hardly know them. I’ve only met them once.

We usually put these adverbs in mid position, between the subject and main verb, after the modal verb or first auxiliary verb, or after main verb be. In more formal styles, we put them in front position and invert the subject and verb. If there is no auxiliary or modal verb, we use do/does/did.

In more formal styles, to refer to something happening immediately after something else, we use scarcely/hardly … when. We move hardly and scarcely to front position and invert the subject and verb:

Scarcely had I got myself comfortable and closed my eyes when I heard the sound of the alarm.

"Seldom" and "rare" are sometimes synonyms, but "seldom" is usually used as an adverb, while "rare" is usually an adjective. There is also a meaning for "rare" which has to do with meat: it means that the meat is not cooked to the point of being well done. This is the preference of many people for preparing expensive beefsteaks.

Now back to time: "seldom" means "not often", and "rare" means "almost never", so it is stronger.

I seldom eat red meat, and it is rare for me to eat white grains or white flour.
This means that I do eat red meat, but not often, but that I almost never eat white grains or white flour. I never eat rare steak.

As adverbs the difference between rarely and seldom is that rarely is not occurring at a regular interval; seldom; not often while seldom is infrequently, rarely.

As a adjective seldom is (obsolete) rare; infrequent.

@темы: English, Thesaurus